Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
What are NSAID medications?
- Decrease inflammation by inhibiting both COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes
- Recommended as treatment for arthritis and other chronic pain conditions resulting from excessive inflammation
Types of NSAIDs:
- Meloxicam (Metacam)
- Carprofen (Rimadyl)
- Robenacoxib (Onsior)
- Grapiprant (Galliprant)
Is my pet healthy enough for NSAIDs?
Before prescribing NSAIDs for long term use,, your veterinarian may need a baseline blood test of your pet that includes a:
- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
- Chemistry profile evaluating liver and kidney function
Are there any risks to NSAIDs?
Acute adverse side effects are not common but include:
- Gastrointestinal upset
Chronic use can also cause side effects:
- Liver and/or kidney damage
- Stomach ulceration
NSAIDS should not be taken if your pet is already on corticosteroids, aspirin, or acetaminophen as these may have negative interactions with NSAIDs.
How can I monitor my pet while on NSAIDs?
It is recommended to monitor your pets appetite and bowel movements for the first 7-14 days after starting NSAIDs. In addition, pets on long term use of NSAIDs should obtain a monitoring blood test 1 month after starting them and every 6 months thereafter to ensure proper function of all organ systems, especially kidney and liver function.
If vomiting or diarrhea occur while taking the prescribed medications, please contact your veterinarian to discuss the next steps.